In Stages 3-6 we suggested two different routines for the guided reading lesson.
EXPLICIT TEACHING Routine
Here the teacher introduces a new strategy, for example, unpacking sentences (Stage 3).
The teacher explains the strategy, models it, and then provides for lots of guided practice as the students grapple with the new cognitive expectations of unpacking the literal meaning of a sentence.
Once the teacher feels that the students have a working understanding of the strategy they introduce the second of our routines - The 5 Steps.
This provides the opportunity for Independent Practice of the new skill without scrutiny, judgment and correction. The teacher can collect data on the progress students are making and continue with Independent Practice routine in the next lesson or revert back to an explicit teaching lesson.
We think the ratio of Explicit Teaching to Independent practice should be 20% to 80%. It is important the the two routines are not blended in the one lesson.